GCP - Storage Post Exploitation

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Cloud Storage

For more information about CLoud Storage check this page:

GCP - Storage Enum

Give Public Access

It's possible to give external users (logged in GCP or not) access to buckets content. However, by default bucket will have disabled the option to expose publicly a bucket:

# Disable public prevention
gcloud storage buckets update gs://BUCKET_NAME --no-public-access-prevention

# Make all objects in a bucket public
gcloud storage buckets add-iam-policy-binding gs://BUCKET_NAME --member=allUsers --role=roles/storage.objectViewer
## I don't think you can make specific objects public just with IAM

# Make a bucket or object public (via ACL)
gcloud storage buckets update gs://BUCKET_NAME --add-acl-grant=entity=AllUsers,role=READER
gcloud storage objects update gs://BUCKET_NAME/OBJECT_NAME --add-acl-grant=entity=AllUsers,role=READER

If you try to give ACLs to a bucket with disabled ACLs you will find this error: ERROR: HTTPError 400: Cannot use ACL API to update bucket policy when uniform bucket-level access is enabled. Read more at https://cloud.google.com/storage/docs/uniform-bucket-level-access

To access open buckets via browser, access the URL https://<bucket_name>.storage.googleapis.com/ or https://<bucket_name>.storage.googleapis.com/<object_name>

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