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AWS - STS Privesc

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STS

sts:AssumeRole

Every role is created with a role trust policy, this policy indicates who can assume the created role. If a role from the same account says that an account can assume it, it means that the account will be able to access the role (and potentially privesc).
For example, the following role trust policy indicates that anyone can assume it, therefore any user will be able to privesc to the permissions associated with that role.
{
"Version": "2012-10-17",
"Statement": [
{
"Effect": "Allow",
"Principal": {
"AWS": "*"
},
"Action": "sts:AssumeRole"
}
]
}
You can impersonate a role running:
aws sts assume-role --role-arn $ROLE_ARN --role-session-name sessionname
Potential Impact: Privesc to the role.
Note that in this case the permission sts:AssumeRole needs to be indicated in the role to abuse and not in a policy belonging to the attacker. With one exception, in order to assume a role from a different account the attacker account also needs to have the sts:AssumeRole over the role.

sts:AssumeRoleWithSAML

A trust policy with this role grants users authenticated via SAML access to impersonate the role.
An example of a trust policy with this permission is:
{
"Version": "2012-10-17",
"Statement": [
{
"Sid": "OneLogin",
"Effect": "Allow",
"Principal": {
"Federated": "arn:aws:iam::290594632123:saml-provider/OneLogin"
},
"Action": "sts:AssumeRoleWithSAML",
"Condition": {
"StringEquals": {
"SAML:aud": "https://signin.aws.amazon.com/saml"
}
}
}
]
}
To generate credentials to impersonate the role in general you could use something like:
aws sts assume-role-with-saml --role-arn <value> --principal-arn <value>
But providers might have their own tools to make this easier, like onelogin-aws-assume-role:
onelogin-aws-assume-role --onelogin-subdomain mettle --onelogin-app-id 283740 --aws-region eu-west-1 -z 3600
Potential Impact: Privesc to the role.

sts:AssumeRoleWithWebIdentity

This permission grants permission to obtain a set of temporary security credentials for users who have been authenticated in a mobile, web application, EKS... with a web identity provider. Learn more here.​
For example, if an EKS service account should be able to impersonate an IAM role, it will have a token in /var/run/secrets/eks.amazonaws.com/serviceaccount/token and can assume the role and get credentials doing something like:
aws sts assume-role-with-web-identity --role-arn arn:aws:iam::123456789098:role/<role_name> --role-session-name something --web-identity-token file:///var/run/secrets/eks.amazonaws.com/serviceaccount/token
# The role name can be found in the metadata of the configuration of the pod

Federation Abuse

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